- Michael Morris An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy Series, 2006
In this textbook, Michael Morris offers a critical introduction to the central issues of the philosophy of language. Each chapter focusses on one or two texts which have had a seminal influence on work in the subject, and uses these as a way of approaching both the central topics and the various traditions of dealing with them. Texts include classic writings by Frege, Russell, Kripke, Quine, Davidson, Austin, Grice and Wittgenstein. Theoretical jargon is kept to a minimum and is fully explained whenever it is introduced. The range of topics covered includes sense and reference, definite descriptions, proper names, natural-kind terms, de re and de dicto necessity, propositional attitudes, truth-theoretical approaches to meaning, radical interpretation, indeterminacy of translation, speech acts, intentional theories of meaning, and scepticism about meaning. The book will be invaluable to students and to all readers who are interested in the nature of linguistic meaning.
1. Locke and the nature of language;
2. Frege on sense and reference;
3. Russell on definite descriptions;
4. Kripke on proper names;
5. Natural-kind terms;
6. Quine on de dicto and de re modality;
7. Reference and propositional attitudes;
8. The semantics of propositional attitudes;
9. Davidson on truth and meaning;
10. Quine and Davidson on translation and interpretation;
11. Quine on the indeterminacy of translation;
12. Austin on speech acts;
13. Grice on meaning;
14. Kripke on the rule-following paradox;
15. Wittgenstein on the Augustinian picture.
- Peter Smith An Introduction to Gödel's Theorems, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy Series, 2007
In 1931, the young Kurt Gödel published his First Incompleteness Theorem, which tells us that, for any sufficiently rich theory of arithmetic, there are some arithmetical truths the theory cannot prove. This remarkable result is among the most intriguing (and most misunderstood) in logic. Gödel also outlined an equally significant Second Incompleteness Theorem. How are these Theorems established, and why do they matter? Peter Smith answers these questions by presenting an unusual variety of proofs for the First Theorem, showing how to prove the Second Theorem, and exploring a family of related results (including some not easily available elsewhere). The formal explanations are interwoven with discussions of the wider significance of the two Theorems. This book will be accessible to philosophy students with a limited formal background. It is equally suitable for mathematics students taking a first course in mathematical logic.
- Vincent F. Hendricks and John Symons ed. Masses of Formal Philosophy, Automatic Press, 2006
以前購入した同じ編者たちによる同種の著書 Formal Philosophy の姉妹編。多分購入する。
- Vincent F. Hendricks and Hannes Leitgeb ed. Philosophy of Mathematics 5 Questions, Automatic Press, 2007
*1:‘Each chapter focusses on one or two texts which have had a seminal influence on work in the subject, and uses these as a way of approaching both the central topics and the various traditions of dealing with them.’