Heidegger and Nazism Revisited 2005/2009


  • Emmanuel Faye  Heidegger, l'introduction du nazisme dans la philosophie: autour des séminaires inédits de 1933-1935, Albin Michel, Bibliothèque Albin Michel des idées, 2005


  • Emmanuel Faye  Heidegger, the Introduction of Nazism into Philosophy in Light of the Unpublished Seminars of 1933-1935, trans. by Michael B. Smith, Yale University Press, 2009/2011.

Yale UP の HP を何気なく見ていると、上記英訳本が出てきた。解説の一部を引きます。

Faye disputes the view of Heidegger as a naïve, temporarily disoriented academician and instead shows him to have been a self-appointed “spiritual guide” for Nazism whose intentionality was clear. Contrary to what some have written, Heidegger’s Nazism became even more radical after 1935, as Faye demonstrates. He revisits Heidegger’s masterwork, Being and Time, and concludes that in it Heidegger does not present a philosophy of individual existence but rather a doctrine of radical self-sacrifice, where individualization is allowed only for the purpose of heroism in warfare. Faye’s book was highly controversial when originally published in France in 2005. Now available in Michael B. Smith’s fluid English translation, it is bound to awaken controversy in the English-speaking world.


次の書評を net で読んでみる。誰でも無料で全文が読めます。

  • Patricia Cohen  “An Ethical Question: Does a Nazi Deserve a Place Among Philosophers?,” in: The New York Times, November 8, 2009, (A version of this article appeared in print on November 9, 2009, on page C1 of the New York edition), http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/09/books/09philosophy.html?ref=patriciacohen


Drawing on new evidence, the author, Emmanuel Faye, argues fascist and racist ideas are so woven into the fabric of Heidegger’s theories that they no longer deserve to be called philosophy. As a result Mr. Faye declares, Heidegger’s works and the many fields built on them need to be re-examined lest they spread sinister ideas as dangerous to modern thought as “the Nazi movement was to the physical existence of the exterminated peoples.”

First published in France in 2005, the book, “Heidegger: The Introduction of Nazism Into Philosophy,” calls on philosophy professors to treat Heidegger’s writings like hate speech. Libraries, too, should stop classifying Heidegger’s collected works (which have been sanitized and abridged by his family) as philosophy and instead include them under the history of Nazism. These measures would function as a warning label, like a skull-and-crossbones on a bottle of poison, to prevent the careless spread of his most odious ideas, which Mr. Faye lists as the exaltation of the state over the individual, the impossibility of morality, anti-humanism and racial purity.

The book is the most radical attack yet on Heidegger (1889-1976) and would upend the philosophical field’s treatment of his work in the United States, and even more so in France, where Heidegger has frequently been required reading for an advanced degree. Mr. Faye, an associate professor at the University of Paris, Nanterre, not only wants to drum Heidegger from the ranks of philosophers, he wants to challenge his colleagues to rethink the very purpose of philosophy and its relationship to ethics.

Heidegger の教説は哲学と呼ばれるべきではなく、その著作は 'hate speech' であり、'Libraries […] should stop classifying Heidegger’s collected works […] as philosophy and instead include them under the history of Nazism.' 穏やかでないですね。しかし事が事だけに、穏やかでいるのは難しいのかもしれません。書評を書かれている方も、その姓からして穏やかな気持ちでは、この書評を書くことはできなかったかもしれません。私は普段 Heidegger の本は読みませんが、読むときには忘れずにはいられないことだと感じられます。また、Frege を勉強している身としても、人ごとではないと思います。今回の Faye 氏の本は、学術的にどの程度信頼がおけるものなのでしょうか、私にはまだわかりません。この本の paper が間もなく出るようですので、買ってみてもいいかもしれないと感じています。